Monday, September 26, 2022

Is Occupational Therapy Necessary For My Child?

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Does your child experience difficulties with everyday activities at school, in the home, or the neighborhood? Are there particular challenges that your child experiences that are not experienced by other typically developing children? If so, you may need to consult an occupational therapist.

Occupational Therapy or Mobile physio assists a child or their family in dealing with difficulties in the areas described below.

Developmental Delay

A developmental delay is a delay in the development of skills common at a particular age or period. A developmental delay is not just being a little bit slower than the other children in a skill. These are examples of developmental delays.

  • Not reaching developmental milestones like sitting, crawling, walking
  • Not learning at an adequate level
  • Not developing social skills and age-appropriate play

Fine Motor Skills

Fine motor skill refers to small movements that can be made with fingers and toes, wrists. lips, tongue, and lips. This includes holding small objects or picking them up. These actions might be difficult for children with poor fine motor skills.

  • Manipulating toys, puzzles
  • Holding a pencil
  • Use silverware or straws only at the age-appropriate times
  • Using scissors
  • Using zippers, buttons, shoelaces
  • Coloring, drawing, and tracing. Prewriting shapes
  • Poor handwriting, letter/number formation
  • Avoid tasks and games which require fine motor skills

Movement And Strength (Gross Motor Skills)

Gross motor skills assist us in moving and coordinating our arms, legs, or other body parts. They require large muscles, which help us control our bodies. A child who lacks strength, coordination, and movement can look clumsy. They might also have difficulty with these things.

  • Stepping up and walking down the stairs at an age-appropriate pace
  • Coordinating both the sides of the body
  • Understanding the concept between right and left
  • Poor ball skills
  • Poor balance
  • Their muscle tone, or their muscle tension, and resistance might be higher or lower depending on the developmental milestone. They might also:
  • Be wary of your feet slipping off the ground
  • During school and play, doesn’t cross the midline.
  • Avoid tasks or games that require a gross motor skills.

Visual Processing

Visual processing refers to the process of making sense of what we see. It is the process that our brain uses to interpret visual information. If one of these is not working for your child, it could be an issue with visual processing.

  • Difficulty with the spacing of letters and their sizes
  • Recognizing letters becomes difficult
  • Copying letters and shapes are difficult
  • Difficulty in visual tracking or crossing the midline
  • It’s difficult to find objects amongst objects
  • Difficulty copying from another paper or the board
  • Difficulty with right and left
  • Your child could lose his or her place while reading, copying from aboard, or have poor eye contact.

Oral Motor/Oral Sensory

Oral motor (or oral sensory) skills control muscle movements in the face or oral area. They include the lips, jaw, tongue, soft palate, and jaw. These are some of the ways delayed sensory and oral motor skills may manifest:

  • Excessive drool
  • Take food out of the front of your mouth, and not into the molars
  • Difficulty using the cup at an age-appropriate moment
  • Difficulty drinking from a straw at an appropriate age
  • Breastfeeding or prolonged bottle
  • Tiredness and feeling sluggish after eating
  • Breastfeeding can cause an excess liquid loss in babies.
  • A child may swallow too much liquid, or eat too much when he or she is drinking or chewing.
  • The child may be picky about the food he eats and only chooses certain types or textures.
  • Toys and objects are too much for a child’s age.

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